1950s Breakthrough of car transports

The world begins to recover from the war and industries work at full speed. Motoring makes its big breakthrough and the consumption of all kinds of petroleum products increases. Olof Wallenius, with an eye on the future, develops an entirely new kind of vessel for carrying cars. Wallenius Lines is also one of Sweden’s largest bulk and tanker companies and carries vegetable oils, petroleum products and ore between destinations all over the world.

1953

New car-deck concept
Olof Wallenius backs master Bengt Törnqvist’s idea of customised vessels for carrying cars. His concept is to use bulk carriers in which car decks can be assembled in the hold for carrying cars which can be removed for bulk cargoes. The cars are loaded and unloaded with cranes or via a side ramp. For the initial trials using insertable car decks, the company uses the chartered vessel, MS JAKARA.

1954

The first long-term car contract
Wallenius Lines signs the first long-term contract with VW for transporation of their cars to the US.

1955

The world’s first car carrier
The world’s, first purpose-built car carriers – MS RIGOLETTO and MS TRAVIATA – are delivered to Wallenius Lines, laying the foundation of the company’s specialisation in transoceanic car carrying. The new vessels have four decks with a capacity for 290 cars, which are loaded by crane. The length and beam of the vessels are adjusted to suit the locks on St Laurance seaways and the Great Lakes in North America.

1956

Own network of agents
Wallenius Lines forges links with other companies and starts to build up a network of agents around the world. Cobelfret N.V., Antwerp, Karl Geuther & Co, Bremerhaven, Colley Motorships Ltd, Montreal and Fred F Noonan Company Inc of San Francisco form the important foundation for the agent network.

1957

Bulk carriers are rebuilt
Car-carrying becomes increasingly important, and several of the dry-cargo vessels in the fleet are rebuilt for car transportation.

1958

Largest tanker
Tanker traffic is operated in parallel with the growing car-carrying traffic. MT SOYA-ELISABETH is delivered. At 33,000 dwt, she is the largest tanker in the fleet to date.

The first subsidiaries abroad
Wallenius Lines forms a subsidiary in Germany – Wallenius Bremen GmbH.

1959

A whole series of car/bulk carriers are delivered to cater to the growing car trade. The MS FIGARO was the largest.

 

The Fleet 1950 – 1959

AIDA (2)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallenco, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor Tanker
  • Length (m): 151.7
  • Beam (m): 19.4
  • Deadweight (m/t): 13,850
  • Gross tonnage: 9,488
  • Built: June 1951
  • Delivered: 1951
  • Sold: September 1964
  • Builder: Caledon S.B. & E. Co Ltd, Dundee

BOHEME (2)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallenco, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Steam General Cargo
  • Length (m): 144.8
  • Beam (m): 18.8
  • Deadweight (m/t): 10,400
  • Gross tonnage: 6,564
  • Built: January 1953
  • Delivered: 1953
  • Sold: April 1965
  • Builder: Bartram & Sons Ltd, Sunderland
  • Sister ship: Tosca (2)

FALSTAFF (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallenco, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 450
  • Length (m): 106.4
  • Beam (m): 15.6
  • Deadweight (m/t): 6,505
  • Gross tonnage: 4,508
  • Built: October 1959
  • Delivered: 1959
  • Sold: August 1966
  • Builder: Norrköpings Varv & Verkstad, Norrköping
  • Sister ships: Faust (1), Fidelio (1)

FIDELIO (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallship, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 450
  • Length (m): 106.4
  • Beam (m): 15.6
  • Deadweight (m/t): 6,549
  • Gross tonnage: 4,504
  • Built: January 1959
  • Delivered: 1959
  • Sold: August 1966
  • Builder: Norrköpings Varv & Verkstad, Norrköping
  • Sister ships: Falstaff (1), Faust (1)

FIGARO (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Walltank, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor General Cargo
  • Capacity car/trucks: 1,050
  • Length (m): 159
  • Beam (m): 20
  • Deadweight (m/t): 15,010
  • Gross tonnage: 10,843
  • Built: August 1959
  • Delivered: 1959
  • Sold: November 1968
  • Builder: AG Weser, Bremen

ISOLDE (1)

After lengthening

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallenco, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 390/525
  • Length (m): 97.3/114.6
  • Beam (m): 15.8
  • Deadweight (m/t): 5,772/6,892
  • Gross tonnage: 4,251/4,688
  • Built: November 1956
  • Lengthened: 1959
  • Sold: May 1970
  • Builder: AG Weser, Bremen
  • Sister ship: Tristan

MADAME BUTTERFLY (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Bulk Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 1,050
  • Length (m): 157.9
  • Beam (m): 19.7
  • Deadweight (m/t): 14,652
  • Gross tonnage: 10,441
  • Built: November 1959
  • Delivered: 1959
  • Sold: November 1968
  • Builder: Bremer Vulcan AG, Bremen – Vegesack

OTELLO (2)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya 1950-1951, Rederi AB Wallship, Stockholm, 1951-1956
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Steam General Cargo
  • Length (m): 135.3
  • Beam (m): 17
  • Deadweight (m/t): 10,020
  • Gross tonnage: 7,123
  • Built: December 1943
  • Delivered: December 1950
  • Sold: March 1956
  • Builder: W Gray & Co Ltd, West Hartlepool
  • Former name: Saint-André, Renamed Otello (2) in February 1953

OTELLO (3)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm, from April 1958 Rederiet Margareta Wallenius, and from Oct 1959 Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor General Cargo
  • Length (m): 138.5
  • Beam (m): 17.3
  • Deadweight (m/t): 9,200
  • Gross tonnage: 5,920
  • Built: October 1928
  • Purchased: April 1958
  • Sold: January 1965
  • Builder: AB Götaverken, Göteborg
  • Former name: ex Parrakoola

RIGOLETTO (4)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya 1955-1963. Wallenius Bremen GmbH, Bremen, 1963-1968
  • Flag: SWE 1955-1963. GER 1963-1968
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Carrier/RoRo Car Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 290/350
  • Length (m): 78.2
  • Beam (m): 13
  • Deadweight (m/t): 2,779
  • Gross tonnage: 1,905
  • Built: May 1955
  • Delivered: 1955
  • Converted: 1962
  • Sold: August 1968
  • Builder: Kieler Howaldtsverke AG, Kiel
  • Sister ship: Traviata (2)

SOYA-ANDREA (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallstar, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor Tanker
  • Length (m): 163.8
  • Beam (m): 20.1
  • Deadweight (m/t): 17,380
  • Gross tonnage: 11,435
  • Built: May 1952
  • Sold: August 1959
  • Builder: AB Götaverken, Gothenburg

SOYA-ATLANTIC

  • Owner: Rederi AB Walltank, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Steam Turbine Ore Oil Carrier
  • Length (m): 180.3
  • Beam (m): 22.5
  • Deadweight (m/t): 23,450
  • Gross tonnage: 16,266
  • Built: July 1954
  • Sold: June 1971
  • Builder: Kockums Mek. Verkstads AB, Malmö

SOYA-BIRGITTA

  • Owner: Rederi AB Walltank, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor Tanker
  • Length (m): 150.4
  • Beam (m): 18.8
  • Deadweight (m/t): 12,965
  • Gross tonnage: 9,005
  • Built: September 1953
  • Sold: October 1965
  • Builder: Kockums Mek. Verkstads AB, Malmö

SOYA-CHRISTINA

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Steam Tanker
  • Length (m): 140.4
  • Beam (m): 17.9
  • Deadweight (m/t): 10,335
  • Gross tonnage: 7,367
  • Built: April 1950
  • Sold: January 1957
  • Builder: Short Bros. Ltd, Sunderland

SOYA-ELISABETH

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Steam Turbine Tanker
  • Length (m): 204.9
  • Beam (m): 26.2
  • Deadweight (m/t): 33,039
  • Gross tonnage: 21,291
  • Built: October 1958
  • Sold: January 1961
  • Builder: At. & Ch. de France, Dunkerque

SOYA-LOVISA

  • Owner: Rederi AB Walltank, Stockholm, From Dec 1954 Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: SteamTanker
  • Length (m): 108.5
  • Beam (m): 14.6
  • Deadweight (m/t): 4,585
  • Gross tonnage: 3,582
  • Built: April 1954
  • Sold: March 1965
  • Builder: Helsingborgs Varfs AB, Helsingborg

SOYA-MARGARETA

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor Tanker
  • Length (m): 161.6
  • Beam (m): 19.1
  • Deadweight (m/t): 16,075
  • Gross tonnage: 10,731
  • Built: May 1952
  • Sold: October 1964
  • Builder: Kockums Mek. Verkstads AB, Malmö
  • Sister ships: Soya (2), Soya II (2), Soya-Maria (1)

SOYA-PACIFIC

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor Ore Oil Carrier
  • Length (m): 180.5
  • Beam (m): 22.7
  • Deadweight (m/t): 23,600
  • Gross tonnage: 15,996
  • Built: September 1956
  • Sold: November 1967
  • Builder: AB Götaverken, Gothenburg

TRISTAN

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallship, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 390/525
  • Length (m): 97.3/114.8
  • Beam (m): 15
  • Deadweight (m/t): 5,473/6,895
  • Gross tonnage: 4,249/4,714
  • Built: September 1956
  • Lengthened: 1956
  • Sold: July 1970
  • Builder: AG Weser, Bremen
  • Sister ship: Isolde

TRAVIATA (2)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Carrier/RoRo Car Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 290/350
  • Length (m): 78.2
  • Beam (m): 13
  • Deadweight (m/t): 2,779
  • Gross tonnage: 1,889
  • Built: June 1955
  • Converted: 19XX
  • Sold: October 1968
  • Builder: Kieler Howaldtsverke AG, Kiel
  • Sister ship: Rigoletto (4)

Ordered but sold before delivery 

CAP GRIS NEZ