The world begins to recover from the war and industries work at full speed. Motoring makes its big breakthrough and the consumption of all kinds of petroleum products increases. Olof Wallenius, with an eye on the future, develops an entirely new kind of vessel for carrying cars. Wallenius Lines is also one of Sweden’s largest bulk and tanker companies and carries vegetable oils, petroleum products and ore between destinations all over the world.
New car-deck concept
Olof Wallenius backs master Bengt Törnqvist’s idea of customised vessels for carrying cars. His concept is to use bulk carriers in which car decks can be assembled in the hold for carrying cars which can be removed for bulk cargoes. The cars are loaded and unloaded with cranes or via a side ramp. For the initial trials using insertable car decks, the company uses the chartered vessel, MS JAKARA.
The first long-term car contract
Wallenius Lines signs the first long-term contract with VW for transporation of their cars to the US.
The world’s first car carrier
The world’s, first purpose-built car carriers – MS RIGOLETTO and MS TRAVIATA – are delivered to Wallenius Lines, laying the foundation of the company’s specialisation in transoceanic car carrying. The new vessels have four decks with a capacity for 290 cars, which are loaded by crane. The length and beam of the vessels are adjusted to suit the locks on St Laurance seaways and the Great Lakes in North America.
Own network of agents
Wallenius Lines forges links with other companies and starts to build up a network of agents around the world. Cobelfret N.V., Antwerp, Karl Geuther & Co, Bremerhaven, Colley Motorships Ltd, Montreal and Fred F Noonan Company Inc of San Francisco form the important foundation for the agent network.
Bulk carriers are rebuilt
Car-carrying becomes increasingly important, and several of the dry-cargo vessels in the fleet are rebuilt for car transportation.
Tanker traffic is operated in parallel with the growing car-carrying traffic. MT SOYA-ELISABETH is delivered. At 33,000 dwt, she is the largest tanker in the fleet to date.
The first subsidiaries abroad
Wallenius Lines forms a subsidiary in Germany – Wallenius Bremen GmbH.
A whole series of car/bulk carriers are delivered to cater to the growing car trade. The MS FIGARO was the largest.