1960s Cars and containers

Wallenius Lines is alone at the cutting-edge of the car-carrying industry and develops the roll-on-roll-off (RoRo) cargo systems. The company moves into Japan-Europe traffic.

The container makes its breakthrough in cargo handling, and the Suez Canal is closed, which benefits tanker operators.

1961

New Scandinavian agent
Scandinavian Motorships becomes Wallenius Lines’ general agent in Sweden, Norway and Finland. Motorships also handles the co-ordination of the global agent network.

1962

Sweden’s largest vessel
MT SOYA-ANDREA is delivered. This tanker is the largest vessel in Sweden’s merchant navy and is also the company’s training vessel with places for 12 trainees.

1963

From LoLo to RoRo
Wallenius Lines’ newly developed cargo handling system changes the face of car carrying. The vehicles are loaded via stern or bow ramps instead of with cranes. The RoRo system (Roll-on-Roll-off) is born. Cargo handling becomes both quicker and safer.

First RoRo vessel
MS ANIARA is the world’s first RoRo vessel. The technology is still in its infancy and the first vessels are small and designed for short-sea shipping. MS ANIARA has the capacity to carry 240 cars.

Transoceanic capacity increases
When MS CARMEN and MS MEDEA, with a capacity of 1,950 cars, are delivered they are the first in a series of large car carriers. These new vessels operate on transoceanic routes and are combined car/bulk carriers. When carrying cars, decks are mounted into the hold and are dismantled again for bulk cargoes. The technique is labour intensive and Wallenius becomes, apart from the local stevedore companies, the largest employer in many international ports.

1964

The world’s largest vessel
MT SOYA-BALTIC is delivered. She is the world’s largest combined ore carrier/tanker, and the largest Swedish vessel of any kind.

1965

The first foreign car carrier in Japan
Japanese car manufacturers plan to start exporting to Europe and the USA, but lack the tonnage needed for vehicle transportation. Wallenius Lines signs a co-operation agreement and becomes the first non-Japanese car carrier to transport cars for Japanese manufacturers.

Build own terminals
Wallenius Lines builds its own port terminal in Bremerhaven, specially equipped to handle cars. This terminal was followed by  terminals in a number of important ports in Europe (e.g. Antwerp and Rotterdam) as well as in Japan and the USA, in order to meet the growing demands of the car manufacturers.

A completely new port, Wallhamn, is built in Sweden for exporting cars to the USA and the Continent.

Start of container shipping
Container traffic grows around the world following the introduction of the container as the standard cargo unit in the 1960s.

Olof Wallenius takes the initiative to form the Atlantic Container Line (ACL). Wallenius Lines is one of five joint-owners of the ACL Consortium, the others being Transoceanic (two Swedish companies: Transatlantic and Broströms), CGM of France, Incotrans of Holland, and Cunard of England.

1966

RoRo in transoceanic traffic
Wallenius Lines charters seven newbuilt large car/bulk carriers on a long-term basis for transoceanic traffic. The cars are loaded on and off using the still young RoRo technique via a cargo ramp in the hull, while the bulk cargo is handled with cranes. The company buys three of the vessels when the charter contracts expire, renaming them MS FAUST, MS FALSTAFF and MS FIDELIO.

1967

The first car contract to the Middle East
Wallenius Lines wins its first car contract on the USA-Gulf route.

Delivery of container vessel
MS ATLANTIC SONG is delivered and is put into traffic on behalf of ACL. The vessel is also used for carrying cars and has the capacity to take 1,130 cars and 569 TEUs.

1968

Cruise pioneer
The cruise liner MS BOHÈME is delivered as Olof Wallenius is convinced that cruise traffic will be a profitable business. However, her maiden voyage is dogged by bad luck and she runs aground in the Stockholm Archipelago. Then MS BOHÈME is chartered out to ply the Caribbean traffic. The vessel is still a profitable business for Wallenius Lines and the future will show that cruise traffic is a viable venture, even if Wallenius Lines subsequently decides to become world leader in car carrying instead.

1969

The world’s largest car carrier
MS RIGOLETTO is delivered. Her 2,600-car capacity makes her the largest car carrier in the world. The cars are handled with cranes. Another three sister ships are delivered in the coming few years – MS FIGARO, MS MADAME BUTTERFLY and MS TRAVIATA.

 

The Fleet 1960 – 1969

AIDA (3)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallship, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor RoRo Car Trailer Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 40 trailers or 250 cars/50 trailers or 350 cars
  • Length (m): 86.5/99.2
  • Beam (m): 15
  • Deadweight (m/t): 3,421/4,470
  • Gross tonnage: 1,999/2,274
  • Delivered: August 1966
  • Lengthened: 1968
  • Sold: 1972
  • Builder: AB Ekensbergs Varv, Stockholm
  • Sister ships: Otello (4), Salome (2), Undine (2)

ANIARA (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallstar, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor Roro Car Trailer Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 20 trailer +100 cars or 240 cars
  • Length (m): 75.6
  • Beam (m): 11.7
  • Deadweight (m/t): 1,025
  • Gross tonnage: 499
  • Built: December 1963
  • Sold: October 1971
  • Builder: AB Lödöse Varf, Lödöse
  • Sister ships: Bess, Elektra, Oberon (1), Porgy

ATLANTIC SONG

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor RoRo Car Container Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 1,130 cars+569 TEUs/900 cars+825 TEUs
  • Length (m): 196.1/223
  • Beam (m): 26.1/30
  • Deadweight (m/t): 15,755/20,283
  • Gross tonnage: 11,772/14,872
  • Built: September 1967
  • Lengthened: 1976
  • Sold: 1987
  • Builder: At & Ch de Dunkerque et Bordeaux (France-Gironde), Dunkerque

BESS (1)

  • Owner: Partrederiet för m/s Bess, Wallhamn
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor RoRo Car Trailer Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 20 trailers+120 cars or 240 cars
  • Length (m): 75.6
  • Beam (m): 11.7
  • Deadweight (m/t): 1,025
  • Gross tonnage: 499
  • Built: January 1965
  • Sold: May 1967
  • Builder: AB Lödöse Varf, Lödöse
  • Sister ships: Aniara (1), Elektra, Oberon (1), Porgy

BOHEME (3)

  • Owner: Wallenius Bremen GmbH & Co KG Shiffahrtsges., Bremen
  • Flag: GER
  • Ship Type: Motor Passenger Ship
  • Number of berths: 504
  • Length (m): 134.3
  • Beam (m): 21
  • Gross tonnage: 10,328
  • Net tonnage: 5,160
  • Built: November 1968
  • Sold June 1981
  • Builder: Oy Wärtsilä Ab, Åbo

CARMEN (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Bulk Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 1,900 or abt. 23,000 tons bulk cargo
  • Length (m): 182.8
  • Beam (m): 22.9
  • Deadweight (m/t): 25,001
  • Gross tonnage: 17,956
  • Built: November 1963
  • Sold: July 1977
  • Builder: AG Weser, Bremen
  • Sister ship: Medea (1)

DON CARLOS (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Walltank, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor RoRo Car Trailer Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 120 or 26 trailers
  • Length (m): 80.9
  • Beam (m): 13.5
  • Deadweight (m/t): 1,355
  • Gross tonnage: 876
  • Built: October 1965
  • Sold: October 1973
  • Builder: AB Ekensbergs Varv, Stockholm
  • Sister ship: Don Juan (1)

DON JUAN (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Walltank, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor RoRo Car Trailer Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 120 or 26 trailers
  • Length (m): 80.9
  • Beam (m): 13.5
  • Deadweight (m/t): 1,355
  • Gross tonnage: 878
  • Built: January 1965
  • Sold: June 1972
  • Builder: AB Ekensbergs Varv, Stockholm
  • Sister ship: Don Carlos (1)

ELEKTRA (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallenco, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor RoRo Car Trailer Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 240 or 20 trailers + 100 cars
  • Length (m): 75.6
  • Beam (m): 11.7
  • Deadweight (m/t): 1,005
  • Gross tonnage: 499
  • Built: June 1964
  • Sold: April 1972
  • Builder: AB Ekensbergs Varv, Stockholm
  • Sister ships: Aniara (1), Bess, Oberon (1), Porgy

FAUST (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 500
  • Length (m): 106.8
  • Beam (m): 15.6
  • Deadweight (m/t): 6,545
  • Gross tonnage: 4,856
  • Built: September 1960
  • Sold: July 1966
  • Builder: Norrköpings Varv & Verkstad, Norrköping
  • Sister ships: Falstaff (1), Fidelio (1)

LOHENGRIN (1)

  • Owner: Wallenius Bremen GmbH, Bremen
  • Flag: GER
  • Ship Type: Motor General Cargo
  • Length (m): 66.3
  • Beam (m): 9.9
  • Deadweight (m/t): 950
  • Gross tonnage: 559
  • Built: April 1958
  • Purchased: July 1962
  • Wrecked: January 1963
  • Builder: Roland Werft GmbH, Bremen
  • Former names: ex Ursula Parchmann, ex Herman Meyer-Gerhards
  • Sister ship: Parsifal

MARTHA

  • Owner: Wallenius Bremen GmbH, Bremen
  • Flag: GER
  • Ship Type: Motor General Cargo
  • Length (m): 130.2
  • Beam (m): 16.9
  • Deadweight (m/t): 9,275
  • Gross tonnage: 4,163
  • Built: October 1944
  • Purchased: September 1962
  • Sold: May 1966
  • Builder: Kockums Mek Verkstads AB, Malmö
  • Former names: ex Narrandera, ex Cassiopeia
  • Sister ship: Boolongena

MEDEA (1)

  • Owner: Partrederiet för m/s Medea 1963-1967, Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Bulk Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 1,900 or abt. 23.000 tons buik cargo
  • Length (m): 182.8
  • Beam (m): 22.9
  • Deadweight (m/t): 25,001
  • Gross tonnage: 17,959
  • Built: August 1963
  • Sold: MAy 1977
  • Builder: AG Weser, Bremen
  • Sister ship: Carmen (1)

OBERON (1)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallstar, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor RoRo Car Trailer Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 240 or 100 cars and 20 trailers
  • Length (m): 75.6
  • Beam (m): 11.7
  • Deadweight (m/t): 1,025
  • Gross tonnage: 499
  • Built: April 1964
  • Sold: April 1972
  • Builder: AB Lödöse Varf, Lödöse
  • Sister ships: Aniara (1), Bess, Elektra, Porgy

ODIN

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Lighter
  • Length (m): 40.7
  • Beam (m): 7.8
  • Deadweight (m/t): 600
  • Gross tonnage: 342
  • Built: 1904
  • Purchased: August 1965
  • Sold: 1970
  • Builder: Nakskov Skibvaerft, Nakskov

OTELLO (4)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Wallenco, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor RoRo Car Trailer Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 40 trailers or 250 cars/50 trailers or 350 cars
  • Length (m): 86.9/99.1
  • Beam (m): 15
  • Deadweight (m/t): 3,660/4,470
  • Gross tonnage: 1,957/2,350
  • Built: April 1967
  • Lengthened: 1968
  • Sold: April 1972
  • Builder: AB Ekensbergs Varv, Stockholm
  • Sister ships: Aida (3), Salome (2), Undine (2)

PARSIFAL (1)

  • Owner: Wallenius Bremen GmbH, Bremen
  • Flag: GER
  • Ship Type: Motor General Cargo
  • Length (m): 66.1
  • Beam (m): 9.7
  • Deadweight (m/t): 928
  • Gross tonnage: 559
  • Built: July 1959
  • Purchased: July 1962
  • Sold: March 1971
  • Builder: Roland Werft GmbH, Bremen
  • Former name: ex Helmut Parchmann
  • Sister ship: Lohengrin (1)

PORGY (1)

  • Owner: Partrederiet för ms Porgy and from 1967 Rederi AB Soya; Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor RoRo Car Trailer Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 240 cars or 20 trailers and 120 cars
  • Length (m): 75.6
  • Beam (m): 11.7
  • Deadweight (m/t): 1,025
  • Gross tonnage: 499
  • Built: September 1964
  • Sold: December 1969
  • Builder: AB Lödöse Varf, Lödöse
  • Sister ships: Aniara (1), Bess, Elektra, Oberon (1)

RIGOLETTO (5)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Bulk Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 2,600
  • Length (m): 199.9
  • Beam (m): 27.9
  • Deadweight (m/t): 37,475
  • Gross tonnage: 23,358
  • Built: March 1969
  • Sold: November 1976
  • Builder: Baltic S B & Eng. Works, Leningrad
  • Sister ships: Figaro (2), Madame Butterfly (2), Traviata (3)

SALOME (1)

  • Owner: Wallenius Bremen GmbH, Bremen
  • Flag: GER
  • Ship Type: Motor General Cargo
  • Length (m): 132.9
  • Beam (m): 17.2
  • Deadweight (m/t): 7,500
  • Gross tonnage: 4,840
  • Built: June 1937
  • Purchased: December 1962
  • Sold: July 1965
  • Builder: AB Götaverken, Gothenburg
  • Former names: ex Dakota, ex Goonawarra
  • Sister ship: Undine (1)

SALOME (2)

  • Owner: Partenreederei ms Salome and from August 1973 Wallenius Bremen GmbH, Bremen
  • Flag: GER
  • Ship Type: Motor RoRo Car Trailer Carrier
  • Capacity car/trucks: 40 trailers or 250 cars/50 trailers or 350 cars
  • Length (m): 87.8/94.4
  • Beam (m): 15
  • Deadweight (m/t): 3,594/4,387
  • Gross tonnage: 1,961/2,179
  • Built: August 1966
  • Lengthened: 1969
  • Sold: October 1973
  • Builder: Jos. L Meyer, Papenburg
  • Sister ships: Aida (3), Otello (3), Undine (2)

SIEGFRIED

  • Owner: Wallenius Bremen GmbH, Bremen
  • Flag: GER
  • Ship Type: Motor General Cargo
  • Length (m): 75.6
  • Beam (m): 10.8
  • Deadweight (m/t): 1,350
  • Gross tonnage: 826
  • Built: April 1961
  • Purchased: July 1962
  • Sold: February 1965
  • Builder: Alfred Hagelstein, Lübeck
  • Former name: ex Karl-Heinz Parchman

SOYA-ANDREA (2)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Steam Turbine Tanker
  • Length (m): 212.1
  • Beam (m): 29.2
  • Deadweight (m/t): 40,920
  • Gross tonnage: 25,911
  • Built: July 1962
  • Sold: July 1967
  • Builder: AB Götaverken, Gothenburg
  • Sister ships: Soya-Maria (2)

SOYA-BALTIC

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Steam Turbine Ore Oil Carrier
  • Length (m): 238.8
  • Beam (m): 32.8
  • Deadweight (m/t): 60,510
  • Gross tonnage: 37,792
  • Built: June 1964
  • Sold: June 1973
  • Builder: At. et Ch. de Dunkerque et Bordeaux (France-Gironde). Dunkerque

SOYA-MARIA (2)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Soya, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Steam Turbine Tanker
  • Length (m): 212.1
  • Beam (m): 29.2
  • Deadweight (m/t): 40,420
  • Gross tonnage: 25,902
  • Built: December 1960
  • Sold: July 1967
  • Builder: AB Götaverken, Gothenburg
  • Sister ships: Soya-Andrea (2)

TOSCA (3)

  • Owner: ms ”Tosca” – Bremer Schiffahrtsges. mbH & Co KG, Bremen
  • Flag: GER
  • Ship Type: Motor Bulk Carrier/loLo Car Bulk Carrier
  • Car Capacity: 1,880 cars
  • Length (m): 185.1
  • Beam (m): 24.3
  • Deadweight (m/t): 25,758
  • Gross tonnage: 17,836
  • Built: October 1963
  • Purchased: March 1968
  • Converted: 1968
  • Sold: December 1971
  • Builder: Flensburger Schiffs. Ges. – Flensburg
  • Former name: ex Donau

TRAVIATA (3)

  • Owner: Rederi AB Walltank, Stockholm
  • Flag: SWE
  • Ship Type: Motor LoLo Car Bulk Carrier
  • Car Capacity: 2,600 cars
  • Length (m): 200
  • Beam (m): 27.9
  • Deadweight (m/t): 35,728
  • Gross tonnage: 23,194
  • Built: September 1969
  • Sold: July 1977
  • Builder: Baltic S B & Eng. Works, Leningrad
  • Sister ships: Figaro (2), Madame Butterfly (2), Rigoletto (5)

UNDINE (1)

  • Owner: Wallenius Bremen, GmbH, Bremen
  • Flag: GER
  • Ship Type: Motor General Cargo
  • Length (m): 132.5
  • Beam (m): 17.2
  • Deadweight (m/t): 7,500
  • Gross tonnage: 4,840
  • Built: January 1938
  • Purchased: October 1962
  • Sold: June 1965
  • Builder: AB Götaverken, Gothenburg
  • Former names: ex Nebraska, ex Kanangoora
  • Sister ships: Salome (1)

UNDINE (2)

  • Owner: Wallenius Bremen GmbH, Bremen
  • Flag: GER
  • Ship Type: Motor RoRo Car Trailer Carrier
  • Car capacity: 40 trailers or 250 cars/50 trailers or 350 cars
  • Length (m): 86.5/98.5
  • Beam (m): 15
  • Deadweight (m/t): 3,650/4,392
  • Gross tonnage: 1,961/2,179
  • Built: June 1966
  • Lengthened: 1968
  • Sold: May 1979
  • Builder: Jos. L Meyer, Papenburg
  • Sister ships: Aida (3), Otello (3), Salome (2)